Culture of Moroccan people
The population is of Berber Amazigh and Arab origin. Moroccans express themselves mostly in the Moroccan dialect of Arabic and with other dialects that differ from region to region with some city specific talks, some rural talks. In written Arabic, classical Arabic remains valued and dominant especially for the administrative. The Berber languages, Tamazight, Tashelhit and Tarifit, are mostly practiced in their regions of origin, respectively the Atlas, the Souss valley and the Rif. To these are added the Arabic dialects of the Sahara, for example Hassania.
In addition to Arabic, French is very fluently spoken. Berber, dominant in the mountains, is quite present in the cities.
It is generally believed that Morocco is populated by Arabs and Berbers. It is true that these two groups are dominant, even if they are not alone. Arabs make up about half of the population. Coming from the conquering tribes, they are essentially urban dwellers. The Berbers (first occupants of Morocco, their name comes from the Latin barbarus), on the other hand, form the bulk of the population of the mountain and desert. One generally distinguishes four groups, speaking four variants of the Berber language: the Rifains, the Middle Atlas group, the Berbers of the High Atlas and the nomadic groups of the southern provinces (essentially the Reguibat). Although they speak a language close to Tamachek, the Reguibat are not Tuareg. For a Westerner, the most visible difference between them is the saddle; the Reguibat saddle is shell-shaped and its ornamentation is more sober. An anecdote about the Berbers of the High Atlas, who are essentially Chleuhs. Their reputation as indomitable warriors is so proverbial that their name became, during the First World War, the nickname given to German soldiers. The Jewish population is still large and enjoys a strong economic position. It is true that Morocco has always been very tolerant towards the Jews, who have never suffered any advances and are perfectly integrated. Finally, two minority populations should be noted: the Westerners (more than 100,000 people) and, in the south, the Haratines, descended from the slaves of the nomadic populations.
National holidays (these holidays are calculated according to the Gregorian calendar): – January 1st: New Year’s Day. – January 11: Manifesto of Independence. – May 1: Labor Day. – July 30: Throne Day. It is the most important civil holiday in Morocco. – August 14: Allegiance of the Eddahab wadi. – August 20: Anniversary of the revolution, the king and the people. – August 21: Youth Festival (the king’s birthday). – November 6: Anniversary of the Green March. – November 18: Independence Day.
Religious holidays (they are not public holidays, but often unemployed, and are calculated according to the lunar calendar, so their dates change every year): – Ramadan (in 2011, it will take place from August 1st to August 30th). – Eid el-Fitr (or Eid el-Seghir) marks the end of Ramadan. – Eid el-Kebir (or Eid el-Adha) commemorates the sacrifice of Abraham. – Ashoura commemorates the assassination of Hussein and the dead in general. – The Mouloud celebrating the birth of the Prophet.
Moroccan people living in Morocco are under a constitutional monarchy. Parliament is bicameral: a chamber of 325 deputies, elected every five years by universal suffrage, and a chamber of 270 councillors, elected by indirect suffrage by local authorities, professional organizations, and trade unions, one-third of whom are renewed every nine years.
Celebrities among moroccan people
Apart from the king and the various sultans, we will mention the two great writers Tahar Ben Jelloun (born in 1944) and Driss Chraibi (1926-2007). They are the visible part of a very intense cultural life. Let us also add the great athlete Hicham El Guerrouj (born in 1974), middle-distance runner, double Olympic champion, four times world champion, several times world record holder (1,500 m, 2,000 m, Mile). And then, note that all Moroccans listen to the songs of Nas El Ghiwane, a group born in Casablanca in the 70s ; these musicians use traditional instruments and draw on Moroccan and Arab-Andalusian traditions, but their texts poetically reflect the contemporary concerns of their contemporaries. One cannot help but evoke some Westerners like Marshal Lyautey (1854-1934) who laid the foundations of modern Morocco or the painter Jacques Majorelle (1886-1962) who did so much to make Marrakech known.
Tipping is at your discretion. For all the people intervening within the framework of the services bought through us, you have the assurance that it will never replace the salary. Nevertheless, it is customary in almost every country in the world to give a tip when you are satisfied with the service.
For the drivers, we advise you, at least, the equivalent of 2 or 3 euros per day and per person. We recommend double this amount for the guides. As a general rule, it is best to align your tip with the local economy: the price of a soda or tea, a packet of cigarettes, will give you an idea of the standard of living and allow you, as you naturally do at home, to estimate its amount. 2 euros per person for porters and 5% of the bill for restaurant service are in the norm. As a reference point, you can also note the following figures: a French-speaking guide can earn 350 dirhams (about 32 euros) per working day; a “natural spaces” guide, too; a driver, 2,000 dirhams (about 180 euros) per month. If the case arises, however, begging, especially by children, should be avoided. If one wishes to help them by providing, for example, school equipment, it is preferable to give these supplies to the village or neighborhood teacher, who will be able to pass them on to the most needy. Morocco is a Muslim country and, as such, imposes the respect of some particular rules of good manners: – in general, one must take off one’s shoes before entering a room; this is imperative when one sees shoes left near the door; – women, in particular, should avoid provocative clothing; – one should always accept mint tea, a gesture of hospitality; – if one is invited to share a family meal, one should wait until the master of the house has said “bismillah” before starting the meal; – if one is invited to share a meal with the family, one should wait until the master of the house has said “bismillah” before starting the meal. (“in the name of God”); one will taste everything without believing oneself obliged to finish one’s plate; – one will not criticize the Moroccan organization, the religion or the monarchy; – one will never photograph a person without having asked his authorization; – Ramadan is practiced by all Moroccans (and thus by those whom you will meet during your stay); during the month of fasting, it is forbidden for Muslims to drink, eat or smoke from sunrise to sunset, the five ritual prayers must be respected; travelers will avoid drinking, eating or smoking in public during the day and will accept stops and constraints related to the breaking of the fast. In addition, non-Muslims are prohibited from entering most mosques and holy places in Morocco. However, there are some exceptions such as the Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca, the Mohamed V Mausoleum in Rabat, the Moulay Ismaïl Mausoleum in Meknes or the Moulay Ali Chérif Mausoleum in Rissani (however, only the patio and courtyards of these last two sites can be visited by non-Muslims).