MOROCCAN WOMEN NOWADAYS
A 2019 US News & World report indicated that Morocco is not among the countries where women have a better quality of life and ranked it 63rd out of 80.
A survey of 9,000 women was conducted in 36 countries around the world, spread across Europe, Asia, Africa, North and Central America, Latin America and the Middle East, researchers from the US. USA They were based on five key indicators to determine if a country could be considered a “friendly for women”: human rights, gender equality, equal pay for men and women, progress and security, and Morocco had a low overall rate of 2.1 out of 10. Morocco ranked fifth in the Arab world after the United Arab Emirates (30), Qatar (39), Saudi Arabia (40), Oman (53), Lebanon and Egypt behind Morocco. Tunisia ranks worse with 77th out of 80 countries.
Some figures that represent the socio-economic situation of women in Morocco (source from the National Statistical Institutes survey):
The number of women in mid-2018 was estimated at 17.67 million, representing just over half of the Moroccan population (50.1%). Among those under 15, almost 49% are women and among those over 60, this proportion reaches almost 51%.
In 2017, 18.4% of heads of household are women, 22.8% of whom live alone. 7 out of every ten female heads of household are widows or divorced and 65.6% of them are illiterate. Most (75%) are inactive.
Considerable drop in maternal mortality.
Maternal mortality, which peaked at 332 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in 1992, has decreased by almost 66% in twenty years, to 112 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2010. However, the maternal mortality rate in rural areas it is still twice that in urban areas. This is due to the lack of prenatal consultations in rural areas. Furthermore, large disparities persist with regard to delivery in a health facility. 73.7% of pregnant women benefit in rural areas compared to 96% in urban areas, according to the results of the 2018 national survey on population and family health.
Fertility fell from 4.46 children per woman in 1987 to 2.2 children in 2014. Rural fertility fell from 5.95 children per woman in 1987 to 2.5 in 2014, and urban fertility fell to 2 children per woman, per which fell below the generation replacement threshold.
Girls continue to be the main victims of marriage before the age of 18. This type of marriage mainly affects girls with a rate of 94.8% of all unions involving minors.
Literacy and education: women still disadvantaged
Despite the progress made, one in ten girls aged 7 to 12 does not attend school in rural areas and 14.8% of girls aged 15 to 24 are illiterate compared to 7.2% of children of the same age. In 2014, six out of ten rural women were still illiterate, compared to 35.2% of rural men and 30.5% of urban women.
According to data from the 2018 National Employment Survey, the participation rate of women is barely 22.2% nationwide. It represents, in relative terms, a little less than a third of that of men (70.9%).
Furthermore, women experience unemployment more intensely than men. Their ever-increasing unemployment rate remains much higher than men’s (14% vs. 8.4% in 2018). Female activity is also characterized by its precariousness. In 2017, almost 40.5% of employed female workers (compared to 9% of men) are unpaid caregivers.
Furthermore, only 8.9% of employers and 14.1% of independent workers in Morocco are women. More than a quarter of young people aged 15 to 24, or 1.7 million young Moroccans, do not work, do not go to school and receive no training; 80% of which are women. Moroccan women’s access to senior and senior positions in the public administration was around 22% in 2016. They are represented by 81 women out of 395 deputies in parliament.